IJNRD Research Journal

Click Here

WhatsApp editor@ijnrd.org
International Peer Reviewed & Refereed Journals, Open Access Journal
ISSN Approved Journal No: 2456-4184 | Impact factor: 8.76 | ESTD Year: 2016
Scholarly open access journals, Peer-reviewed, and Refereed Journals, Impact factor 8.76 (Calculate by google scholar and Semantic Scholar | AI-Powered Research Tool) , Multidisciplinary, Monthly, Indexing in all major database & Metadata, Citation Generator, Digital Object Identifier(DOI)

Call For Paper

For Authors

Forms / Download

Published Issue Details

Editorial Board

Other IMP Links

Facts & Figure

Impact Factor : 8.76

Issue per Year : 12

Volume Published : 8

Issue Published : 88

Article Submitted : 26515

Article Published : 7574

Total Authors : 19111

Total Reviewer : 981

Total Countries : 151

Indexing Partner

Join RMS/Earn 300


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License
Published Paper Details
Paper Title: The challenges met by Indian scientists under British rule
Authors Name: Swarupa Ameya Salvi
Download E-Certificate: Download
Author Reg. ID:
Published Paper Id: IJNRD2204134
Published In: Volume 7 Issue 4, April-2022
DOI: http://doi.one/10.1729/Journal.30073
Abstract: Abstract: As British considered themselves as Nordic race and supreme, they believed that the black Indians cannot absorb modern scientific knowledge. So the educational and scientific institutes started during 19th century were purely for their own benefits. The higher positions in them were not offered to Indians. In 1823, Ram Mohan Roy asserted British Governor to encourage liberal, modern scientific education in India. This resulted in formation of Medical College of Bengal in 1835, University of Calcutta in 1857, and St. Xavier’s College in 1860 in Calcutta. But due to lack of modern facilities, the Science taught there was substandard. It was the efforts of Indian scientists that promoted modern science in India. In 1868, Dr. M.L. Sircar, graduate from Medical College of Bengal, started Calcutta Journal of Medicine to facilitate Indian medicine. In 1876, he formed Indian Association for Cultivation of Science. In 1885, Prof. J.C. Bose became the 1st Indian Professor in Presidency College, Calcutta. But he was paid less salary than British Professors. He never took that salary and continued teaching till retirement to recover Indian pride. His research papers were published in proceedings of Royal society only by intervention of Lord Rayleigh. In 1889, after joining Presidency College as Assistant Professor, Acharya P.C. Ray slowly established a research laboratory there. His efforts initiated chemical industries in India from 1901. The collective visionary, nationalist thinking, undeterred efforts of Dr. M .L. Sircar, Prof. J. C. Bose, Sir. A. Mukherjee, Acharya P.C. Ray, Dr. C. V. Raman, Dr. S. N. Saha, P. C. Mahalanobis, Dr. J. H. Bhabha and others after 1900, helped India to progress in science after independence.
Keywords: Key words: Nordic, journal, visionary, undeterred
Cite Article: "The challenges met by Indian scientists under British rule", International Journal of Novel Research and Development (www.ijnrd.org), ISSN:2456-4184, Vol.7, Issue 4, page no.1063-1066, April-2022, Available :http://www.ijnrd.org/papers/IJNRD2204134.pdf
Downloads: 000114668
ISSN: 2456-4184 | IMPACT FACTOR: 8.76 Calculated By Google Scholar| ESTD YEAR: 2016
An International Scholarly Open Access Journal, Peer-Reviewed, Refereed Journal Impact Factor 8.76 Calculate by Google Scholar and Semantic Scholar | AI-Powered Research Tool, Multidisciplinary, Monthly, Multilanguage Journal Indexing in All Major Database & Metadata, Citation Generator
Publication Details: Published Paper ID:IJNRD2204134
Registration ID: 181148
Published In: Volume 7 Issue 4, April-2022
DOI (Digital Object Identifier): http://doi.one/10.1729/Journal.30073
Page No: 1063-1066
Country: Dombivli East, Thane, Maharashtra, India
Research Area: Social Science and Humanities 
Publisher : IJ Publication
Published Paper URL : https://www.ijnrd.org/viewpaperforall?paper=IJNRD2204134
Published Paper PDF: https://www.ijnrd.org/papers/IJNRD2204134
Share Article:

Click Here to Download This Article

Article Preview
Click Here to Download This Article

Major Indexing from www.ijnrd.org
Semantic Scholar Microsaoft Academic ORCID Zenodo
Google Scholar ResearcherID Thomson Reuters Mendeley : reference manager Academia.edu
arXiv.org : cornell university library Research Gate CiteSeerX PUBLON
DRJI SSRN Scribd DocStoc

ISSN Details

ISSN: 2456-4184
Impact Factor: 8.76 and ISSN APPROVED
Journal Starting Year (ESTD) : 2016

DOI (A digital object identifier)

Providing A digital object identifier by DOI
How to Get DOI? DOI


Open Access License Policy

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

Creative Commons License This material is Open Knowledge This material is Open Data This material is Open Content

Important Details

Social Media


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

Join RMS/Earn 300