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IJNRD
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NOVEL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
International Peer Reviewed & Refereed Journals, Open Access Journal
ISSN Approved Journal No: 2456-4184 | Impact factor: 8.76 | ESTD Year: 2016
Scholarly open access journals, Peer-reviewed, and Refereed Journals, Impact factor 8.76 (Calculate by google scholar and Semantic Scholar | AI-Powered Research Tool) , Multidisciplinary, Monthly, Indexing in all major database & Metadata, Citation Generator, Digital Object Identifier(DOI)

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Impact Factor : 8.76

Issue per Year : 12

Volume Published : 7

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Paper Title: A STUDY ON NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENTS AND QUALITY OF LIFE PRE COVID, DURING COVID AND POST COVID IN ADULTS AGED 50-80 YEARS IN MUMBAI CITY.
Authors Name: Ms. Aesha Mehta , Dr. Rekha Battalwar
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IJNRD_182916
Published Paper Id: IJNRD2209070
Published In: Volume 7 Issue 9, September-2022
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Abstract: INTRODUCTION: COVID 19 is an infectious disease affecting the respiratory system of humans. Overall 37 million cases and 1 million deaths have been reported globally due to COVID 19. Immunity plays a major role in prevention and improving quality of life in COVID 19 and vitamin and minerals helps to regulate the immune system and gene expression. Consumption of nutritional supplements like Vitamin A, Vitamin B complex, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, Zinc, Iron and herbal supplements is one of the therapeutic strategies in prevention, reduction in transmission of COVID 19 and Improvement in quality of life of participants. (cut short)OBJECTIVE: To study the impact of nutritional supplementation on Quality of life in Pre, during and post COVID conditions in adults aged 50-80 years.METHODOLOGY: A retrospective/prospective observational comparative study was conducted on 347 asymptomatic/symptomatic COVID positive participants between 50 – 80 years of age . Study was conducted at Lilavati Hospital and research centre, Bandra, Mumbai and data was collected by cognito forms via phone call. It included sections of demographic details, nutritional assessment, inflammatory parameters, clinical data, medical history, 24 hour diet recall, frequency and dosage of nutritional supplements consumption and WHO- QOL Bref questionnaire. Nutrition counselling and education was given to patients regarding the importance of diet and supplementation during COVID 19. The data was analysed by using the Statistical Set of Social Software programme for Windows (SPSS, version 20). The analysation of data involved t-tests and Chi-Square tests. p value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.RESULTS: Out of 347 participants, 15.6% were asymptomatic and 83.5% were symptomatic. Maximum COVID positive patients were recorded with fever (88.9%), followed by fatigue (75%), cough (65. %), loss of appetite (65.6%), loss of taste and smell (73.3%), body pain (67.5%), throat pain (48.3%) and shortness of breath (50.7%). Other symptoms like Nausea (22.3%), vomiting (10.6%), diarrhea (11.1%), and unconsciousness (6.0%), were less likely to be seen in patients with COVID. High Blood pressure, Diabetes, High Cholesterol and Kidney disorders were mostly seen in patients above the age of 50 years, whereas diseases like Thyroid, GI disorders, Pneumonia, Seasonal allergies and hyperacidity were less likely to bereported. Results show that frequency and consumption of supplements like Vitamin A, C, D, E, B complex, Zinc, Iron, Omega 3, Ashwagandha, Giloy and Ayush Kwath increased during COVID. 52% of them consumed supplement in COVID times, 38% of them failed to consume them and 10% used it for a while and then stopped using it. Consumption of Vitamin A, C, D and E showed improved quality of life in different domains in participants whereas Omega 3 and curcumin failed to show positive correlation with quality of life. Significant increase in transform scores of physical health and social relationships domain was seen in participants consuming Vitamin C and D. Consumption of vitamin E supplement showed significant increase in all 4 domains of health whereas significant decrease was observed in transform score of psychological and social health in participants consuming vitamin A. Results also show significant difference (p = <0.05) in average dietary intake of Vitamin B12 and zinc in female participants. Significant difference was also observed in dietary Vitamin B12 and zinc intake in female participants. Significant increase was seen in zinc consumption in the post COVID phase. More structured and interventional study can be performed to achieve desired results.CONCLUSION: Significant increase in scores was observed in different domains of WHO-QOL in participants consuming Vitamin C, Vitamin D and Vitamin E. Significant decrease was seen in the transform score of psychological and social health of participants consuming Vitamin A. Dietary intake of micronutrient zinc and Vitamin B12 showed significant differences in female participants.
Keywords: A STUDY ON NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENTS AND QUALITY OF LIFE PRE COVID, DURING COVID AND POST COVID IN ADULTS AGED 50-80 YEARS IN MUMBAI CITY.
Cite Article: "A STUDY ON NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENTS AND QUALITY OF LIFE PRE COVID, DURING COVID AND POST COVID IN ADULTS AGED 50-80 YEARS IN MUMBAI CITY.", International Journal of Novel Research and Development (www.ijnrd.org), ISSN:2456-4184, Vol.7, Issue 9, page no.629-636, September-2022, Available :http://www.ijnrd.org/papers/IJNRD2209070.pdf
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ISSN: 2456-4184 | IMPACT FACTOR: 8.76 Calculated By Google Scholar| ESTD YEAR: 2016
An International Scholarly Open Access Journal, Peer-Reviewed, Refereed Journal Impact Factor 8.76 Calculate by Google Scholar and Semantic Scholar | AI-Powered Research Tool, Multidisciplinary, Monthly, Multilanguage Journal Indexing in All Major Database & Metadata, Citation Generator
Publication Details: Published Paper ID:IJNRD2209070
Registration ID: 182916
Published In: Volume 7 Issue 9, September-2022
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
Page No: 629-636
Country: -, -, India
Research Area: Engineering
Publisher : IJ Publication
Published Paper URL : https://www.ijnrd.org/viewpaperforall?paper=IJNRD2209070
Published Paper PDF: https://www.ijnrd.org/papers/IJNRD2209070
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ISSN: 2456-4184
Impact Factor: 8.76 and ISSN APPROVED
Journal Starting Year (ESTD) : 2016

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