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ISSN Approved Journal No: 2456-4184 | Impact factor: 8.76 | ESTD Year: 2016
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Paper Title: Microbial analysis of protein-rich nutritious porridge during storage
Authors Name: Medha Vyas
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Published Paper Id: IJNRD2206012
Published In: Volume 7 Issue 6, June-2022
Abstract: Food scarcity is not only a major problem in our country but also prevails in the world. The main reason for this problem is decreasing availability of agricultural land and day by day increasing population. Besides this malnutrition, a state of improper nutrient balance in the body; affects health. A vast majority of the population in developing and underdeveloped countries do not have adequate nutrition to sustain a healthy life. In India, protein-energy malnutrition is still a major problem in all the segment of the population. Porridge is also known as Dalia, Cracked wheat, Bulgar, Facia, Lapsi, and Ogi. It is a wheat product made from whole wheat kernels which are crushed or cut into smaller pieces. Porridge is a typical means of preparing cereal crops-based food products for the table. Porridge is a traditional food in much of Northern Europe and Russia. In India porridge is blended coarse granules of wheat and various types of pulses; obtained by the size reduction process. Size reduction of solids involves creating smaller mass units from large mass units of the same material. To bring this about, the large mass units need to be subjected to stress by the application of force. Three types of forces may be applied i.e. compression, impact, and shear. In general, a plate mill is used for the development of porridge. The basic technology for the preparation of composite dalia refers to a process of mixing wheat porridge with cereals and legumes to produce high-quality food products economically. The composite porridge containing wheat and legumes are being utilized in many parts of the world. In addition to whole grain benefits, the multigrain concept can provide breakfast food with these grains. These multigrain blends help to mix different whole grains to maximize their nutritional, functional, and sensory properties. Apart from health sacrifices, convince is also a recent trend in the international as well as an Indian food market. Conveniences products are quick and easy to prepare, thus saves cooking time and require few cooking skills. (Mandge et al., 2011). Wheat (Triticum aestivem) is an important source of energy and protein in the diets of the population in developing countries (Hira et al., 1991). The world’s total annual production of wheat is 469 million metric tons (FAO, 2011). Wheat is one of the most widely cultivated crops in the world. It is a staple food for a large segment of the world population. The grains contain about 8-12% protein, carbohydrates 72-73%, fat 1-2%, and fiber 1-2.2%. Wheat porridge is integral to the everyday diet of health-conscious consumers. Wheat porridge is a high protein and high dietary fiber contains food of wheat, which is highly nutritious with a nutty flavor. Wheat porridge is generally sold as parboiled, dried, and partly de-banned. This highly nutritious food variety of wheat is not only low in glycemic index level but also rich in vitamins such as B and minerals such as iron, phosphorous, manganese. Wheat porridge is a whole grain and it is a well-understood fact that whole grain foods are always more healthy than regular foods. Besides the health factor, wheat porridge has many advantages which make it ideal for regular use. One important aspect of the processing and using this wheat in our daily diet is the less cost involved in processing the wheat. It is highly delicious, palatable with easy digestibility. It has very little loss of nutrition during processing with a very good shelf life and it is easy to cook. If one is looking for a perfect and healthy option of whole grain, then one ingredient stands out –wheat porridge. In general; cereals are limited in essential amino acids such as lysine even though rich in threonine and tryptophan while most oil seeds and legumes are rich in lysine and deficient in Sulphur containing amino acids (Many and Shadaksharaswamy; 2008). It is also known that pulses are a good source of protein (17-24%); therefore, the combination of cereals and pulses in the formulation of porridge gives a nutritious food containing all the amino acid. Soybean (Glycine max) also mention as the gold crop of America is known for protein. Production of soybean is about 10.97MT in India. This crop contains a higher amount of protein (40-42%) and oil (20-22%). This crop also contains all the three macronutrients required for good nutrition, as well as fiber, vitamins, and minerals. In addition to nutritive value; soybean has many medicinal and therapeutic values. It contains 15-45% protein and 17-22% fat (Swaminathan; 1985). The protein content of soybean is about twice that of other pulses; four times then wheat; six times then rice grains; four times then egg and twelve times of milk. It is a good source of all indispensable amino acids (Serrem et al; 2011). According to De Ruiter (1974), soy flour in composite flours is emphasized and is quite understandable concerning the worldwide cultivation of soybean, its protein content, and nutritional protein quality. The addition of soy flour to that of sorghum, maize, and wheat will overcome their deficiency of some nutritional composite like some nutritional characteristics of the flours. Besides this, it is a general fact that food products based on either cereals or pulses alone are nutritionally inferior. Therefore, the present study was planned to develop a nutritious porridge, by mixing wheat and soybean in various combinations.
Keywords: porridge, microbial analysis, protein rich food product, storage
Cite Article: "Microbial analysis of protein-rich nutritious porridge during storage", International Journal of Novel Research and Development (www.ijnrd.org), ISSN:2456-4184, Vol.7, Issue 6, page no.112-116, June-2022, Available :http://www.ijnrd.org/papers/IJNRD2206012.pdf
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ISSN: 2456-4184 | IMPACT FACTOR: 8.76 Calculated By Google Scholar| ESTD YEAR: 2016
An International Scholarly Open Access Journal, Peer-Reviewed, Refereed Journal Impact Factor 8.76 Calculate by Google Scholar and Semantic Scholar | AI-Powered Research Tool, Multidisciplinary, Monthly, Multilanguage Journal Indexing in All Major Database & Metadata, Citation Generator
Publication Details: Published Paper ID:IJNRD2206012
Registration ID: 181683
Published In: Volume 7 Issue 6, June-2022
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
Page No: 112-116
Country: damoh, MP, India
Research Area: Science
Publisher : IJ Publication
Published Paper URL : https://www.ijnrd.org/viewpaperforall?paper=IJNRD2206012
Published Paper PDF: https://www.ijnrd.org/papers/IJNRD2206012
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