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IJNRD
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NOVEL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
International Peer Reviewed & Refereed Journals, Open Access Journal
ISSN Approved Journal No: 2456-4184 | Impact factor: 8.76 | ESTD Year: 2016
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Impact Factor : 8.76

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Paper Title: THE ROLE OF PETTY KINGDOMS IN PROTECTING THE SAMSTHANAS
Authors Name: Raghavendra Reddy
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IJNRD_182734
Published Paper Id: IJNRD2209008
Published In: Volume 7 Issue 9, September-2022
DOI:
Abstract: In the 16th century, after the prolapsed of Vijayanagara and Bahamani kingdoms, the representatives of these kingdoms like Inamdars, Jaageers, and enslaved people paid the tax to nawabs of Golconda and Bijapur after collecting it from the people these Inamdars and jaegers were obedient to nizam nawab and paid the tax to him and for that even helped by sending army whenever needed. Nizam Government gifted valuable lands to these people. They paid part of the tax collected from the lands to the nizam Government and declared themselves independent. Meanwhile, these people became local rulers after the same time established samsthanas. Depending upon their powers and domination, the samsthanas merged the number of villages and emerged as ruling samsthanas. So many samsthanas have emerged in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana states. The popular samsthanas are Venkata Giri Vijayanagara, saloor, Srikalahasti, Bobbili, Karvetinagaram, Vallur, Challapalli, and Polavaram in Andhra Pradesh, whereas Gadwal, Atmakur, Wanaparthy, Panugallu, Jataprole, Gopalpet, and Omakonda, Palvancha, and Papannapeta in Telangana. All the above samsthanas were under the jurisdiction of Hyderabad and protected the kingdom by converting into Giridurgas, Jala Durga, Vanadurgas by having solid and tall protecting walls. Among them, panugallu,koilakonda,ghanapuram,gandikota and hanumakonda where giri Durga's,and nizam konda,gurramkonda were jaladurgas while munnanuru kanduru and narayana vanam were vanadurgas.These durgas protected themselves and the kingdom for 600years and merged into independent India after 1947 by the efforts of Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel.
Keywords: THE ROLE OF PETTY KINGDOMS IN PROTECTING THE SAMSTHANAS
Cite Article: "THE ROLE OF PETTY KINGDOMS IN PROTECTING THE SAMSTHANAS", International Journal of Novel Research and Development (www.ijnrd.org), ISSN:2456-4184, Vol.7, Issue 9, page no.90-94, September-2022, Available :http://www.ijnrd.org/papers/IJNRD2209008.pdf
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ISSN: 2456-4184 | IMPACT FACTOR: 8.76 Calculated By Google Scholar| ESTD YEAR: 2016
An International Scholarly Open Access Journal, Peer-Reviewed, Refereed Journal Impact Factor 8.76 Calculate by Google Scholar and Semantic Scholar | AI-Powered Research Tool, Multidisciplinary, Monthly, Multilanguage Journal Indexing in All Major Database & Metadata, Citation Generator
Publication Details: Published Paper ID:IJNRD2209008
Registration ID: 182734
Published In: Volume 7 Issue 9, September-2022
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Page No: 90-94
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Research Area: Engineering
Publisher : IJ Publication
Published Paper URL : https://www.ijnrd.org/viewpaperforall?paper=IJNRD2209008
Published Paper PDF: https://www.ijnrd.org/papers/IJNRD2209008
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ISSN: 2456-4184
Impact Factor: 8.76 and ISSN APPROVED
Journal Starting Year (ESTD) : 2016

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